Sugar Land is a city in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States, within the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. Founded as a sugar plantation in the early mid-20th century and incorporated in 1959, Sugar Land is one of the most affluent and fastest-growing cities in Texas, having grown more than 158 percent between 1990 and 2000. In the time period of 2000–2007, Sugar Land also enjoyed a 46.24% job growth. As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 78,817. Due to the Greatwood/New Territory annexation on December 12, 2017, the city's estimate of population is now 117,869, as of January 1, 2018.